000 years ago, presence of the man attested. Wet tropical climate,
vegetation of savannas and forests in Morocco, thousand-year-old IIIe.
Draining of the climate, introduction of agriculture and the breeding. II E
thousand-year-old. Age of bronze VIIe century av.J.-C. Phéniciens establish
counters on the Moroccan coast. Ve - IV century av.J.-C. The Carthaginians
replace Phéniciens and exert their cultural influence on the Berber kingdom
of Maurétanie 46 front. J.-C. Rome overcomes Carthage and extends its
influence to all North Africa. The most famous king de Maurétanie, Juba II,
rège of 25 front.
J.-C. 42 apr. J.-C.
Morocco passes under Roman domination.
of Maurétanie Tingitane, with Tingis (Tangier) for capital. IIe-VIéme century.
Give The Novels up little by little Tingitane where Christianity starts to Be
spread. Incursion vandal (429). The Byzantine control the northern coast of
Morocco to the VI E century. 682. First Arab raid in Morocco, carried out by
Oqba ibn Nafi. Berber resistance. Beginning of VIIIe century. The Arabs seize
Morocco and, with troops the Berber ones converted with Islam, take foot in
The IDRISSIDES 788-789.
Ibn Abdallah, exile of Baghdad, are accomodated by Berber area of Oualila (Volubilis).
It melts the first Moslem dynasty of Morocco and the town of Fès 803-829.
Reign of Idriss II. Creation with Fès of the Kraouiyine university, then one
of most important of the world.
kingdom is parcelled out.
THE ALMORAVIDES 1055-1082.
Almoravides, of Berber come from the Western Sahara, melt Marrakech towards
1060. their chief, Youssef ibn Tachfine, seizes Fès then extends its
conquests to Algiers.1090-1106. Almoravides control Moslem Spain and
Senegal. Morocco impregnates Andalusian culture. 1106-1143. golden age of
Marrakech under the reign of Ali, wire of Youssef Ibn Tachfine.
With its death the
empire is again divided.
ALMOHADES About 1125.
Ibn Toumert Built a mosque with Tinmel, in the Atlas. 1133 - 1163. Its
lieutenant, Abd el-Moumen, proclaiming caliph, melt the dynasty almohade and
extend his empire from Spain in Tripoli 1184-1199. Reign of Yacoub el-Mansour.
Second golden age of Marrakech. With the death of caliph, the Maghreb is
again parcelled out.
THE MERINIDES 1245-1269.
Mérine, Berber the East, seize the large cities of Morocco. 1276. Mérinides
give itself a new capital: Fès el-Jedid. Abou Youssef Yacoub (1258-1286) and
its successors create an important network of médersas Abou el-Hassan
(1331-1351) loses Spain, Tlemcen and Tunis. Surge in Morocco of Jews and
muslmans fleeing the Spanish Enquiry. Portuguese and Spaniards start to be
established on the Moroccan coasts.
Ouattassides, viziers hereditary of Mérinides, reverse the dynasty. The
central capacity breaks down and Morocco falls under control from the local
1492. Fall of Grenade, last kingdom musculman of Spain.
THE SAADIENS 1554-1659.
Saadiens, originating in Arabia. Regent on Morocco. 1578. The battle of the
three Kings ruins the Portuguese ambitions in Morocco. 1590. Ahmed el-Mansour
(1578-1603) plunders Tombouctou. XVIIe century. A republic of pirates of Bou
Regreg is formed in Salé.
Rachid, resulting from a family of the sherifs of Tafilalet, melts the
dynasty which still reigns on Morocco and establishes its capital with Fès.
1672-1727. Reign of Moulay Ismaïl, brother of the precedent, which
transports its capital in Meknès 1880. The conference of Madrid consolidates
the European commercial ambitions in Morocco. 1894-1908. Reign of Abdelaziz;
growing interference of Europeans in the Moroccan businesses. 1906-1907. The
conference of Algeciras recognizes in France and Spain a "position
privileged" in Morocco.
Unloading of the
first French troops in Casablanca